Industrial lighting should be flood, the absence of sharp transitions between light and poorly lit areas economical and uniform. Must ensure compliance with hygiene standards and do not have a negative impact on productivity.
Under such conditions specifically designed appropriate lighting devices of a modular system with fluorescent lamps luminaires with a sufficiently powerful gas discharge lamps high pressure.
Classification by source of radiation
Artificial industrial lighting provided by natural light sources direct sunlight and other light streams scattered in the atmosphere. Natural lighting in industrial facilities in the following ways
Natural streams are better perceived by the human eye but not sufficient for the organization of production processes and unreliable because the light level is constantly changing due to changes of the time of day changes in cloudiness, precipitation. All of the above can complicate working conditions. In some instances, direct sunlight is not allowed and the uniformity provision of natural light is impeded by the design of buildings located window and door openings, the layout of the system deficiencies of translucent structures.
Classification by their functional artificial lighting by functionality is divided into working evacuation emergency duty and security for example the spotlights on the secure perimeter of the enterprise. The location of the sources in the local total combined.
In the General illumination lamps are installed evenly in the upper part of the production facilities given the location of jobs, the coverage of the total is localized or not in view of the total uniform.
Local industrial lighting complements the General and is divided into 12-36VDC portable and stationary. Provides coverage of some jobs. Emergency ensures the continuity of the production process when you disconnect the main lighting. The power of the light sources should come at the expense of independent sources of DES , batteries other emergency lights shall be activated upon loss of supply power to main lamp working light.
Evacuation is to evacuate people from the premises in cases of emergency shutdown working lights. Security usually provides adequate illumination of the perimeter of protected areas with street lights and other light sources.
The lamps are divided into
According to SNiP P-4-79 is required to obtain daylight all production and warehouse storerooms. Lesser requirements are imposed on the warehouse with short-term stay of people of the underground a number of other technological areas. Not allowed on health and hygiene standards use only local illumination because in this case it is impossible to achieve acceptable uniformity of illumination of the neighboring areas.
Lamp General lighting in the combined light should give an illumination of at least 10 percent but not less than 50 Lux for incandescent bulbs and 150 Lux for the lamp discharge. In areas of minimal emergency lighting should be Emin=05 LK. In open areas , Emin=02 LK. For security lighting, floodlights and so on the minimum valueEmin=05 Lux at ground level.
The basic criteria safety low weight low cost long operation efficiency in terms of power consumption minimal amount of glare sufficient amount of light per unit of energy is the functionality of the uniformity of the light fluxes. At sites with high levels of humidity it is recommended to install weatherproof floodlights and other lighting fixtures. In workshops and technology labs, usually set a ceiling pendant lamps with directional beam of light.
Selection criteria by design
The choice for lighting options
Lighting options osleplennost and light distribution. The distributionis characterized by a curve of intensity of KSS. KSS is a cosine D wide W poluchilosi L deep G concentrated To a sine With a uniform M By the abilityof light distribution , the lamps are divided into
Choice for energy saving
Considering the saving you can start from the height of ceilings. During the height of ceilings less than six feet usually used a large number of light sources of low power LL and LN. When the ceilings above six meters is usually better to use fewer bulbs more power DRI DRL DNAT.
Also, when choosing light sources and their location shall take into account the lack of glare. Shadows ripple their reliability ease of access to light devices for their service, the length of electric wiring and ease of installation.
Led lights led industrial purpose have the following advantages
Structurally and functionally, the spotlight and other led lamps led lamps are divided into for mounting on the ceiling and suspended street. Pendant led lights led distinguished by the presence of the movable console allows you to adjust the principle of installation and arbitrarily change the angle of incidence.
To the suspended led fixtures led also classifies padlocks and portable models as as we need these led lamps can be easily mounted on almost any surface. The power lights led is usually provided by a battery or battery. Capacity less than the fixed led luminaires led.
Well-organized industrial lighting production halls warehouses, exhibition centers, laboratories and educational institutions with spotlights and other lighting prerequisite of organization of production or the educational process directly related to productivity.
Save as PDF
Save as image